References & Resources

Bassuk, E.L., Weinreb, L., Buckner, J., Browne, A., Salomon, A., & Bassuk, S.S. (1996). The characteristics and needs of sheltered homeless and low-income housed mothers. Journal of the American Medical Association, 276(8): 640-646.


Elliot, D.E.; Bjelejac, P.; Fallot, R.D.; Markoff, L.S., Reed, B.G., & Slavin, S. (2005). Trauma-Informed or Trauma-Denied: Principles, Competencies, and Implementation of Trauma-Informed Services for Women. Journal of Community Psychology, 33(4): 461-477.


Guarino, K., Soares, P., Konnath, K., Clervil, R., and Bassuk, E. (2009). Trauma-Informed Organizational Toolkit. Rockville, MD: Center for Mental Health Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, and the Daniels Fund, the National Child Traumatic Stress Network, and the W.K. Kellogg Foundation. Available at and


Goodman, L., Saxe, L., & Harvey, M. (1991). Homelessness as psychological trauma. American Psychologist, 46(11): 1219-1225.


Harris, M. (2004). Trauma Informed Services. The evolution of a concept. Retrieved from the internet at


Harris, M. & Fallot, R. (Eds). (2001). New Directions for Mental Health Services: Using Trauma Theory to Design Service Systems. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.